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IR/IPE theory

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Re: IR/IPE theory

Globalization

“Many of the problems alleged to be the result of economic globalization are really the consequence of unfortunate national policies and government decisions.” (367)

“The tendency to blame globalization for many vexing problems of modern life is due in part to nationalistic and xenophobic attitudes on the political right and an anticapitalist mentality on the political left.” (368)

“The idea that globalization is responsible for most of the world’s economic, political, and other problems is either patently false or greatly exaggerated.” (9)

WTO, World Bank, and IMF have “become the symbols of globalization for all those groups and individuals who blame globalization for their own and the world’s problems.” (230)

Thoughts ?

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Re: IR/IPE theory

Just a little summary of recent literature.

Will be aimless to begin with but the idea is to go through lots of quantity to find overarching, repeating trends across all of high impact factor journals in political science.

We'll begin with World Politics Quarterly Journal, ranked #2.

Abstract

The System Worked: Global Economic Governance During the Great Recession

By Daniel W. Drezner

Argument: US strength and the resilience of neoliberal systems kept the damages of the Great Recession light

http://www.princeton.edu/piirs/worldpolitics-journal/issues/v66n1/Drezner.xml

Abstract

China's "New Regionalism": Subnational Analysis in Chinese Political Economy

By Meg E. Rithmire

Instead of analyzing the directions of national policy, experts are studying local variance within China. The authors argue that this decentralization is an indicator that China is changing from within - away from national policy and more towards local policy variance.

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Re: IR/IPE theory

APSR - ranked #1

Found lots of interesting articles that looked interesting, let's see...

Interesting = new & true & nontrivial

Quality of Government: Toward a More Complex Definition

The Political Origins of Primary Education Systems:

Ideology, Institutions, and Interdenominational Conflict

in an Era of Nation-Building

Perils or Promise of Ethnic Integration? Evidence from a

Hard Case in Burundi

Argument: Ethnic integration is possible. Or at least the evidence is promising to those who are pessimistic about it - like political scientists.

That's actually a pretty big statement, I'll have to look into their evidence and see if it can used in our lives.

Market Freedom as Antipower

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Re: IR/IPE theory

AJPS - #4

Just for fun...

Widowhood Effects in Voter Participation ~ William R. Hobbs, Nicholas A. Christakis and James H. Fowler

We argue that social influence and social support provide an improved, or at least more straightforward, explanation for these changes in turnout behavior and perhaps changes in civic engagement more generally.

Oh really? People who are surrounded by other people feel more engaged in the society and people who isolate themselves feel detached. What else is new?

:P

I'd say this doesn't pass test #3 of being nontrivial. I'd also venture a guess that this isn't a particularly new finding, thus failing test #1. Still published in the #4 ranked journal in the field...

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Re: IR/IPE theory

This is more like something from a TV segment or a magazine article in terms of how well it relates to the concerns that regular people have about politics. :)

It's from an article about what political scientists know that you don't:

We Do Not Know What You Think You Know

The biggest challenge political science may give to practitioners might

be that we acknowledge what we do not know. It is not that campaigns do not matter at all in presidential elections. It is that after decades of searching, we have found so little evidence that they do and so much evidence that the fundamentals matter more. But the fact that we have not found evidence should not convince you that there is nothing to find.

Social scientists tend to have internalized this point rather well.

Sometimes we get overwhelmed in caveats and uncertainty. But that is for a

reason. There are a great many things that political junkies know are true about politics. Many probably are true. And some contradict other things that we know are true.

The goal of political science is to make sure the things we think are true

really are. This can be frustrating for practitioners who need to move ahead. There may be no evidence that a sound-bite will tip the scale, but it might, and so the practitioner must try. But political commentary ought at least to acknowledge what we do not know.

Among the things that we think we know, but that political scientists have

found at best mixed evidence for:

1. Money buys the votes of the general public. (Maybe savvy donors just

donate to candidates who will win in the hopes of influencing them.)

2. Money buys the votes of elected legislators. (Maybe savvy donors just

donate to candidates who will vote the way they would like, and not to

those who would not.)

3. Parties influence the votes of elected legislators. (Maybe politicians just

sort themselves into the parties they agree with in the first place.)

4. Some candidates are just better campaigners than others.

5. Democracy leads to economic growth. (Maybe economic growth enables

democracy. Or maybe they are spuriously related.)

6. Autocracy leads to economic growth. (Maybe economic performance

enables dictators to hold onto power.)

7. The media is biased. (Maybe they are just trying to tell us what they think

we want to hear.)

8. Voters make choices based on their own self-interest. (Maybe they

rationalize their choices in this way.)

9. Voters choose the candidate that is closer to their own preferences.

10. People are more likely to vote when they think the election will be close

A full list of the ten:

1. It's the fundamentals, stupid

a. The most exciting and visible part of politics is the political campaign. Politicians and their team of strategists, pollsters, and surrogates wage battle for the votes of the public. Slogans are trumpeted. Gaffes are made. Tactics are deployed. And it probably does not matter all that much.

At least not as much as the political environment matters. Presidential

elections can be forecast with incredible accuracy well before the campaign really begins. In fact, if all you know is the state of the economy, you know pretty well how the incumbent party will do.

If you account for a little bit more, like whether the country is at war, how long the president’s party has held the office, and which candidate is more ideologically moderate, you can do even better.

2. The will of the people is incredibly hard to put your finger on

3. The will of the people may not even exist

4. There is no such thing as a mandate

5. Duverger: It's the law

6. Party on

a. No, parties will not just get along, unfortunately. Policy disagreements happen because people disagree on the best policy. Liberals believe the government has an important role to play in managing the economy, and conservatives do not. Conservatives believe that the government must protect a set of cultural values that liberals do not share.

7. Most independents are closet partisans

8. Special interests are a political fiction

9. The grass does not grow by itself

a. Is the Tea Party a “real” movement, or is it “astroturf”?

The speed at which this debate is bouncing around partisan circles is

shocking, considering how silly the question is. If a movement is astroturf if some outside force is organizing it, then all movements are astroturf. People do not spontaneously wake up and go to rallies. Someone hosts the rally and invites them to come.

10. We Do Not Know What You Think You Know

http://www9.georgetown.edu/faculty/hcn4/Downloads/Noel_Forum.PDF

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